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European Integration

PEACE

Balkan Horizons
http://www.cdsee.org/publications_balkan_horizons.html

"Balkan Horizons" is a Newsletter on democracy and civil society issues. It is published by the Association for Democracy in the Balkans.

Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherches sur la Paix et d'Etudes Stratégiques
http://www.ehess.fr/cirpes/

Only in French.

Centro de Relaciones Internacionales y Cooperación Internacional
http://www.cidob.org/

European Union in the World - Foreign Policies
http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/index.htm

Group for Research and Information on Peace and security - Europe, international security and sustainable development
http://www.grip.org/

GRIP's main aims are study, research, information and training on problems of peace, defence and disarmament with a view to improving international security in Europe and throughout the world. GRIP studies in particular the way in which the arms race operates and how security and defence needs are assessed. GRIP is independent and pluralist, and attempts to conduct scrupulously scientific studies.

International Relations and Security Network
http://www.isn.ethz.ch/

A Swiss Contribution to Partnership for Peace

Interpol - Terrorism
http://www.interpol.int/Public/Terrorism/default.asp

INTERPOL’s involvement in the fight against International Terrorism materialized during the 54th General Assembly in Washington in 1985 when Resolution AGN/54/RES/1 (Washington, D.C., 1985) was passed calling for the creation of a specialized group within the then Police Division to '…co-ordinate and enhance co-operation in combating international terrorism…'

Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe
http://www.osce.org/

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the largest regional security organization in the world with 55 participating States from Europe, Central Asia and North America. It is active in early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation.

The OSCE approach to security is comprehensive and co-operative: comprehensive in dealing with a wide range of security-related issues including arms control, preventive diplomacy, confidence- and security-building measures, human rights, democratization, election monitoring and economic and environmental security; co-operative in the sense that all OSCE participating States have equal status, and decisions are based on consensus.

PDA - Project on Defense Alternatives
http://www.comw.org/pda/

Since its inception in 1991, the Project on Defense Alternatives has sought to adapt security policy to the challenges and opportunities of the post-Cold War era. Toward this end it promotes consideration of the broadest range of defense options. Central to its mission is the development of "transitional security policy," which would serve to create conditions favorable to the advent of regional and global cooperative security regimes.

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
http://www.sipri.se/

The task of this Institute is to conduct research on questions of conflict and cooperation of importance for international peace and security, with the aim of contributing to an understanding of the conditions for peaceful solutions of international conflicts and for a stable peace.

Teaching the History of Southeastern Europe Edited by CHRISTINA KOULOURI
http://www.cdsee.org/teaching_the_history.html

A great web site to get to know how history teaching can foster or hinder war.

The International Institute of Strategic Studies
http://www.iiss.org/

The IISS is the primary source of accurate, objective information on international strategic issues for politicians and diplomats, foreign affairs analysts, international business, economists, the military, defence commentators, journalists, academics and the informed public.

UNIDIR - United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research
http://www.unidir.org/

Proposing new ideas for security thinking, UNIDIR's work brings together security, disarmament and development so that all forms of security — national, regional, global — are recognized as true manifestations of human security.

Western European Union
http://www.weu.int/

The web site of the European Defense Organisation created by the Treaty of Brussels in 1948.

DEMOCRACY

Center for Democracy and Reconciliation in Southeastern Europe
http://www.cdsee.org/

The Center for Democracy and Reconciliation in Southeast Europe is a non-governmental, non-profit organization that seeks to foster democratic and pluralistic values, to support free-market economies that are guided by the rule of law and by social responsibility, and to encourage reconciliation among the peoples of the Balkan region.

Counsil of Europe - Democratic Institutions - Making democratic institutions work
http://www.coe.int/t/e/integrated_projects/democracy/

This project is the Council of Europe's response to one of the major challenges facing Europe today - to ensure that democratic institutions support and enter into dialogue with all Europeans, including groups that have been, for various reasons, excluded from equal participation in the democratic processes.

European Initiative for Democracy and Human Rights
http://europa.eu.int/comm/europeaid/projects/eidhr/index_en.htm

The European Initiative for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) is a European Union programme that aims to promote and support human rights and democracy in third countries.

Institute for Democracy in Eastern Europe
http://www.idee.org/

The Institute for Democracy in Eastern Europe (IDEE) is a not-for-profit tax-exempt corporation begun in 1986 to support the growing opposition movements in Eastern Europe seeking democratic change and an end to communism.
IDEE provided critical financial and material assistance to independent publications and human rights and opposition groups at the forefront of the 1989-91 revolutions. Since 1989, IDEE has helped democrats in the region overcome communism's harsh and oppressive legacy and rebuild - or build anew -- the institutions of a democratic political system and a plural and open society.

Politeia - The network for citizenship and democracy in Europe
http://www.politeia.net/

The network for citizenship and democracy in Europe is a virtual organization of more than 1500 persons and institutions that are active in the field of citizenship and political education and wishing to cooperate at European level. The goal of the network is to promote the social and political participation of the European citizens.

The Democracy - Experience Europe
http://www.democracy-experience.org/

The democracy experience is created by COPE - Campaign for Open Politics in Europe. COPE is a non-profit organisation, based in Brussels, which has been set up by a bunch of young people and a few of the more progressive European Parliamentarians - who belive that : politicians, parties and parliaments have lost touch with the will of their electorates; more people could and should be involved in the political process;
neutral, non-partisan and non-institutional platforms are the political arena of the future; and the European decision-making and the integration process should be more democratic and open

The European Network for Democracy-project
http://www.europe.or.at/

"The war on freedom and democracy" - an analysis of the effects on civil liberties and democratic culture in the EU
http://www.statewatch.org/news/2002/sep/analysis13.htm

According to Tony Bunyan, the article author's, The "war on terrorism" has turned into an ongoing "war on freedom and democracy" which is now setting new norms - where accountability, scrutiny and human rights protections are luxuries to be curtailed or discarded in defence of "democracy".

TOLERANCE

Aids: Europe's new iron curtain
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/2514639.stm

Article in BBC-Health in November 2002.

Council of Europe's web site dedicated to minorities
http://www.coe.int/T/E/human_rights/minorities/

Education Pack - Ideas, resources, methods and activities for informal intercultural education with young people and adults
http://www.coe.int/T/E/
human%5Frights/Ecri/3%2DEducational%5Fresources/
Education%5FPack/Education%20Pack.asp#TopOfPage

EU - Justice and Home Affairs - Immigration and Asylum
http://europa.eu.int/comm/justice_home/unit/immigration_en.htm

The policy on asylum, the free movement of persons, visa policy, rules governing the crossing of the EU's external borders, immigration policy and the rights of nationals of third countries have become a full Community responsibility with the entry into force of the Treaty of Amsterdam on 1 May 1999

European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI)
http://www.coe.int/T/E/human_rights/Ecri/1-ECRI/

The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) was set up following a decision of the 1st Summit of Heads of State and Government of the member States of the Council of Europe, held in Vienna in October 1993, and strengthened by a decision of the 2nd Summit held in Strasbourg in October 1997. ECRI's task is to combat racism, xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance at the level of greater Europe and from the perspective of the protection of human rights.

European Conference against Racism
http://www.coe.int/T/E/human_rights/Ecri/2-European_Conference/

Following the decision of the United Nations General Assembly in December 1997 to convene a World Conference against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, the then Presidency of the European Union (Luxembourg) proposed that the Council of Europe should be entrusted with the preparation, at European level, of the World Conference, notably in the form of a European Conference on this topic.

Health-AIDS-EU: EU Commission confirms battle against AIDS on World AIDS Day
http://www.aegis.com/news/afp/2001/AF011210.html

Article on AFP web in December 2001.

Instead of fighting against AIDS, Europe fights against foreigners
http://www.actupp.org/article552.html

Article on the web site Act Up-Paris about Sevilla EU summit in June 2002.

The European Bureau for Lesser Used Languages
http://www.eblul.org/

EBLUL speaks on behalf of over 40 millions EU citizens who speak a different language to the majority language of their State

Youth Organisations Combatting Racism and Xenophobia
http://www.coe.int/T/E/human_rights/Ecri/3-Educational_resources/Alien_93/Alien_Table.asp

FREEDOM

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/en/WhatYouWant.asp?NT=005

Treaty open for signature by the member States of the Council of Europe

European Committee for the prevention of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
http://www.cpt.coe.int/en/

European Court of Human Rights
http://www.echr.coe.int/

In addition to laying down a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms, the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms set up a system of enforcement of the obligations entered into by Contracting States. Three institutions were entrusted with this responsibility: the European Commission of Human Rights (set up in 1954), the European Court of Human Rights (set up in 1959) and the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, the latter organ being composed of the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the member States or their representatives.

Europe and the New Independent States - International Religious Freedom 1999
http://atheism.about.com/library/irf/irf99/bl_irf_europe99.htm

Articles on Religious Freedom in every European country.

Freedominfo - the online network of freedom of information advocates
http://www.freedominfo.org/

This site is a one-stop portal that describes best practices, consolidates lessons learned, explains campaign strategies and tactics, and links the efforts of freedom of information advocates around the world.

Migration News
http://migration.ucdavis.edu/mn/index.html

Migration News summarizes the most important immigration and integration developments of the preceding month. This American web site covers in depth EU news on immigration.

Statewatch - monitoring the state and civil liberties in the European Union
http://www.statewatch.org/

Statewatch is a non-profit-making voluntary group founded in 1991. It is comprised of lawyers, academics, journalists, researchers and community activists. Its European network of contributors is drawn from 12 countries. Statewatch encourages the publication of investigative journalism and critical research in the fields of the state, civil liberties and openness.

The European Convention on Human Rights- 1950
http://www.hri.org/docs/ECHR50.html

The EU's Human rights & Democratisation Policy
http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/human_rights/intro/

SOLIDARITY

ATTAC (Association pour une taxation des transactions pour l'aide aux citoyens)
http://attac.org/indexen/index.html

Corpwatch - Holding Corporations accountable
http://www.corpwatch.org/

An excellent web site to know the behaviour of European corporations in underdevelopped countries.

European Social Charter
http://www.coe.int/T/E/Human_Rights/Esc/

International Labour Organization
http://www.ilo.org/

UNESCO Institute for Statistics
http://portal.unesco.org/

Global and internationally comparable statistics on education, science, technology, culture and communication.

Transnationales
http://www.transnationale.org/anglais/

To know about the big corporations that dominate international markets.

Transparency International
http://www.transparency.org/

The global coalition against corruption.

EQUALITY 

Activities of the EU - Education
http://europa.eu.int/pol/educ/index_en.htm

Commision for Racial Equality
http://www.cre.gov.uk/

A British institution created to foster racial equality.

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), adopted in 1979 by the UN General Assembly, is often described as an international bill of rights for women.

Council of Europe’s web site dedicated to equality between women and men
http://www.humanrights.coe.int/equality/

Equal Opportunities Commission
http://www.eoc.org.uk/

Other British centre to promote equal opportunities.

EU - Education and Training
http://europa.eu.int/comm/education/index_en.html

Our challenge in the Directorate-General for Education and Culture is to help preserve the best of the diversity of educational experience in Europe, while harnessing it to raise standards, remove obstacles to learning opportunities and meet the educational requirements of the 21st century.

Higher Education Equality Unit
http://www.ucc.ie/ucc/units/equality/

The role of the Irish organisation Higher Education Equality Unit/Aonad Comhionannas Deise um Ard-Oideachas (HEEU) is to promote equality of access and opportunity in Irish higher Education institutions, for both staff and students. The HEEU works to enable colleges to develop effective equality policies and practices, having regard to issues of socio-economic/class background, gender, race/ethnicity/nationality, disability, age, sexual orientation, family/care responsibilities, and religious or political belief. The HEEU is a national body, established in 1992 and funded by the Higher Education Authority

MISCELLANEOUS

Eurostat
http://europa.eu.int/comm/eurostat/Public/datashop/print-catalogue/EN?catalogue=Eurostat

Eurostat is the Statistical Office of the European Communities situated in Luxembourg. Its task is to provide the European Union with statistics at European level that enable comparisons between countries and regions. Without data we cannot evaluate the reality and evolution of the European societies.

Swedish EU Relay
http://www.eu2004.se/extra/tools/parser/index.cgi?url=/
html/parse/index_uk_ie.html

Very interesting web site dealing with a wide range of topics. From the right to vote to the neonazi movements, from gender equality to EU defence and security policy, from animal mistreatment to enviromental problems. A good site to know about social values and European integration process.

The World Bank - Data & Statistics
http://www.worldbank.org/data/

Almost all the data reported in this site are derived, either directly or indirectly, from official statistical systems organized and financed by national governments. Without data we cannot evaluate the reality and evolution of the European societies.

Useful teaching and learning material  
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